Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the light-sensitive layer in the back of the eye called retina. The retina takes pictures and transmits them to the brain to process. High level of blood sugar can, over time, damage the tiny blood vessels in the retina and lead to permanent loss of vision.
Most people do not experience any noticeable symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy. As it worsens people may experience the following :
As per NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, UK) guidelines, screening your eyes at least once in a year can help diagnose diabetic retinopathy in its early stages, prevent worsening symptoms and is key in avoiding blindness.
At Diabetacare, Diabetes Specialist Nurses screen for diabetic retinopathy by using a retina camera. Photographs are captured in clinic and analysed by an eye care specialist for signs of retinal damage.