Diabetic nephropathy is the single most common cause of chronic kidney failure requiring dialysis and kidney replacement.
Kidneys are made up of tiny filtering units called nephrons. Nephrons filter waste from the blood and maintain the salt-water balance. High levels of blood sugar can damage the nephrons and cause the kidneys to leak essential proteins (albumin) into the urine. Eventually the kidneys can stop working completely resulting in a condition called renal failure. For people with this condition, dialysis or renal transplant can be the only treatment options.
Factors that can increase the risk of diabetic nephropathy include :
Most people may not experience any symptoms in the initial stages of diabetic nephropathy. As it worsens people may experience
Identifying kidney damage in its early stages is crucial. This is possible by performing the following tests: